Thursday, May 24, 2018

Is 'Sawaab' fruitful in the life hereafter alone?


Is 'Sawaab' fruitful in the life hereafter alone?

By: Khurshid Imam
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      A.    Introduction.

Most Muslims commonly understand that when they do good work they 'earn sawaab'. It is like earning some 'points' or like 'crediting some amount' in their account. In the life hereafter these 'points' or 'credited amount' will help them in getting blessings of paradise.
The whole idea gives an impression that 'doing good deeds' has no result in the worldly life, doing good deeds simply increases your sawaab tally and it will be helpful in the life hereafter only.
From top to bottom the terminology of sawaab is misunderstood among masses. This misunderstanding acts as a catalyst in making the community handicapped. You don’t feel much motivation for doing constructive work in different aspects of life because they don’t bring any good in the worldly life – as per the popular understanding of sawaab. You have to wait till life hereafter in order to see any benefit of sawaab. Eventually, rest of the world works for the betterment of humanity because they see the good results here only. Muslims don’t do so because they have the idea in the back of their mind that good deeds will be helpful to them in the akhirah only.

      B.    Meaning of sawaab.

Arabic word sawaab comes from the root word thā wāw bā (ث و ب) which occurs 28 times in the Quran. It means “to return to its desired condition” or “to be evident as result” or “to reach to its destination as a result of the act”.

      1.     Al Raghib Dictionary meaning:

Source: Al-Mufradat fi Gharib al-Quran, dictionary of Qur'anic terms by Islamic scholar Al-Raghib al-Isfahani. Page 183, Urdu version.
      
      2.     Lane’s dictionary:



Going through the meaning, we can surely say that popular understanding of sawaab is pretty different. While we assume that sawaab is something that is “earned”, the actual meaning conveys sawaab to be the evident result of actions.

      C.    Quranic use of sawaab.

1. Sawaab in Duniya and Akhirah
People usually think that sawaab is relevant for akhirah only. Quran has made clear that sawaab applies for both.

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وَمَنْ يُرِدْ ثَوَابَ الدُّنْيَا نُؤْتِهِ مِنْهَا وَمَنْ يُرِدْ ثَوَابَ الْآَخِرَةِ نُؤْتِهِ مِنْهَا وَسَنَجْزِي الشَّاكِرِين

“… And whoever desires sawaab in (this) world, We shall give him of it; and whoever desires sawaab in the Hereafter, We shall give him thereof. And We shall reward the grateful.” Quran 3:145
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مَنْ كَانَ يُرِيدُ ثَوَابَ الدُّنْيَا فَعِنْدَ اللَّهِ ثَوَابُ الدُّنْيَا وَالْآَخِرَةِ

“Whoever desires sawaab in this life of the world, then with Allah (Alone and none else) is the sawaab of this worldly life and of the Hereafter…”. Quran 4:134
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فَآَتَاهُمُ اللَّهُ ثَوَابَ الدُّنْيَا وَحُسْنَ ثَوَابِ الْآَخِرَةِ وَاللَّهُ يُحِبُّ الْمُحْسِنِينَ

“And Allah gave them sawaab in this world, and the excellent sawaab of the Hereafter. For Allah loves those who do good”. Quran 3:148
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In the below Ayah sawaab is given in the form of victory. Victory is the result of good deeds – evident as sawaab.
فَأَنْزَلَ السَّكِينَةَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأَثَابَهُمْ فَتْحًا قَرِيبًا

“…and He sent down As-Sakinah (calmness and tranquility) upon them, and He gave sawaab to them with a near victory.”. Quran 48:18
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Similarly, there are many references in Quran where Allah has explained about the sawaab in the akhrah or life hereafter. For ex- Quran 5:85, 3:195, 18:31

Some of the qualities of the people who get sawaab are:
·       Those who are grateful - Quran 3:145. Being grateful means utilizing skills, blessings, faculties in constructive ways.
·       Those who fought in the way of God without surrendering, they continued in spite of weakness, showed steadfastness. Quran 3:146
·       They sought forgiveness from Allah for their sins. Quran 3:147
·       Those who have real faith [in laws of God] and do constructive deeds. Quran 18:30. It means people who understand the laws of God and act as per them.

2. Sawaab as noun in sense of “A place of return”
وَإِذْ جَعَلْنَا الْبَيْتَ مَثَابَةً لِلنَّاسِ وَأَمْنًا
“And [mention] when We made the House a place of return for the people and [a place of] security….” Quran 2:125

3. Sawaab as noun in sense of “garment”
Used in sense of clothes in Quran 11:5, 18:31, 22:19, 24:58, 24:60, 71:7, 74:4, 76:21

4.Sawaab can be negative also
Sawaab does not mean “earning reward” but it is actually “result of actions”. This result can be negative also. For bad deeds, there will be bad result.
      
      a.      Distress in the form of Sawaab.

فَأَثَابَكُمْ غَمًّا بِغَمٍّ
“… There did Allah give you sawaab (in the form of) one distress after another by way of requital to teach you not to grieve for that which had escaped you, nor for that which had befallen you”. Quran 3:153
      
      b.     Sawaab given to those who did kufr.

هَلْ ثُوِّبَ الْكُفَّارُ مَا كَانُوا يَفْعَلُونَ
“Have those who did kufr [not] been rewarded [this Day] for what they used to do?”. Quran 83:36
     
      c.      Worse form of Sawaab.

قُلْ هَلْ أُنَبِّئُكُمْ بِشَرٍّ مِنْ ذَلِكَ مَثُوبَةً عِنْدَ اللَّهِ مَنْ لَعَنَهُ اللَّهُ وَغَضِبَ عَلَيْهِ
"Say, "Shall I inform you of [what is] worse than that sawaab from Allah? [It is that of] those whom Allah has cursed and with whom He became angry…. Quran 5:60

      D.    Walk the talk.

Quran makes it clear that for good deeds the results will be good. Look at the communities / races / nations who do constructive work for the benefit of mankind. They witness good results of their work in this world. All the development in the field of science, technology, medicine, agriculture, industries etc. that has brought relief, comfort and ease for the mankind is sawaab [desired result] of the work done by people.
If we want to raise the bar of the community; if we want to see good results in this worldly affairs, then we need to do constructive work. The sawaab of good deeds will be given to us in this world as well as in the hereafter.
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Wednesday, May 23, 2018

Fasting, fidya and abrogation: Quran 2:184 analysis


Fasting, fidya and abrogation: Quran 2:184 analysis

By: Khurshid Imam
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A. Introduction

Fasting is an important pillar of faith for believers of God. Quran 2:184 says:

أَيَّامًا مَّعْدُودَاتٍ ۚ فَمَن كَانَ مِنكُم مَّرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ ۚ وَعَلَى الَّذِينَ يُطِيقُونَهُ فِدْيَةٌ طَعَامُ مِسْكِينٍ ۖ فَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَهُوَ خَيْرٌ لَّهُ ۚ وَأَن تَصُومُوا خَيْرٌ لَّكُمْ ۖ إِن كُنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ
(Fasting) for a fixed number of days; but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (Should be made up) from days later. For those who can do it, is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent. But he that will give more, of his own free will, it is better for him. And it is better for you that ye fast, if ye only knew. 2:184

Important points from the above ayah are:
·       Two kinds of people are exempted from fasting:
1.     Those who are ill / patient.
2.     Those who are on a journey.

·       These people (who have missed fast because of either of the two reasons mentioned above) have two options with them:
1.     Either they should complete fast later.
2.     OR they should feed one needy person (for each missed fast). This is called fidya. If they feed more than one person for each missed fast, then it is better.
·       However out of two options FASTING is better.

Everything is fine till here. However, majority of Islamic scholars believe that the option of feeding a needy person in place of fasting is no more valid!! They say that this permission – of feeding a person – is abrogated; it does not hold any more. They say that next ayah i.e. 2:185 abrogates this ayah; i.e. 2:184.

Note: Abrogation is an anti-Quranic and illogical concept. Neither a single ayah nor a single word of Quran has been abrogated. To say that Quran contains abrogated ayah means Quran is not God’s word. Kindly read THIS article for details on this subject.


B. This is NOT example of abrogation

وَمَن كَانَ مَرِيضًا أَوْ عَلَىٰ سَفَرٍ فَعِدَّةٌ مِّنْ أَيَّامٍ أُخَرَ ۗ يُرِيدُ اللَّهُ بِكُمُ الْيُسْرَ وَلَا يُرِيدُ بِكُمُ الْعُسْرَ وَلِتُكْمِلُوا الْعِدَّةَ وَلِتُكَبِّرُوا اللَّهَ عَلَىٰ مَا هَدَاكُمْ وَلَعَلَّكُمْ تَشْكُرُونَ
…but if anyone is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (Should be made up) by days later. Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put to difficulties. (He wants you) to complete the prescribed period, and to glorify Him in that He has guided you; and perchance ye shall be grateful. 2:185

The next ayah – quoted above – is ayah number 185 which allegedly abrogates the command given in ayah number 184. Ayah 185 says:
·       If someone is ill OR on a journey, then he / she should compensate later on.
·       Allah intends to make things easier for you.
·       Allah does not want to make things difficult for you.
·       He wants you to complete the period and glorify him.

People say that “Ayah 185 abrogates 184 and that the final verdict is: one who misses fast should compulsorily complete it later on; there is no option of feeding the needy instead of fasting. It is because ayah 185 is not talking about feeding a person; it is only talking about making up of prescribed period later on.”

This argument is very weak. When ayah 184 has already given two options for those who have missed fast then why it’s necessary that every time this should be repeated? We should understand Quran as a whole otherwise we are bound to arrive at wrong conclusion. For example, if a person reads 3-118; 4-89, 139, 144; 5-51; 58-14, 22; superficially then he will think that Islam prohibits making friendship with all non-Muslims. However, when you read 60-8, 9 then you will understand WHAT kinds of non-Muslims are prohibited to be befriended. These two ayah 60:8-9- elaborate qualities of those people whom we should not befriend and rest of other ayah only refers to them.

So it’s important to understand Quran as a whole. Ayah 184 has elaborated all options for those who have missed the fast. When Ayah 2:184 has told very clearly that feeding a needy person is one of the options for those who have missed fast then there is no reason to doubt this permission of Allah.

C. Things are very simple; no need to complicate

Let us analyze these two ayah closely then we will find some more points that support our argument. Comparing these two ayah in table:


                     2: 184 says
                               2: 185 says
1
(Fasting) for a fixed number of days;
Ramadhan is the (month) in which was sent down the Qur'an, as a guide to mankind, also clear (Signs) for guidance and judgment (Between right and wrong). So every one of you who is present (at his home) during that month should spend it in fasting,
2
but if any of you is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed number (Should be made up) from days later
but if anyone is ill, or on a journey, the prescribed period (Should be made up) by days later.
3
For those who can do it is a ransom, the feeding of one that is indigent.
Allah intends every facility for you; He does not want to put to difficulties.
4
But he that will give more, of his own free will, it is better for him. And it is better for you that ye fast, if ye only knew.


Column 2 on both sides is giving the same command: If you could not fast during ramdhan then complete it later.
Look at column 3; see the beauty of Quran here.
·       184 is saying that even though you can fast yet Allah has given you one more option: you can feed to needy person.
·       185 is saying that Allah wants to make things easier for you; he does not want to put you into difficulties.

Column 3 beautifully explains that you are given option of feeding person because Allah is giving you every facility; Allah does not want to put you into difficulty and Allah wants to make things easier for you.
This is the beauty of Quran that though reader thinks that same ayah / part of ayah is repeated at many places, but in each instance of so called repetition there is far more information than reader thinks. If one ponders more and connect dots, then far more knowledge can be gained.

D. Conclusion

1. Many people believe in the concept of abrogation in Quran. They say some ayah of Quran are abrogated by other ayah; it means that one ayah is cancelled / repealed by other ayah. This concept is completely against Quran and common sense.

2. People present 2:184 one of the examples of abrogation in Quran.

3. In 2:184 Allah gives option to those who have missed fast in Ramadhan, either they can fast later OR they can feed a poor. However, fasting is better. Those who believe in abrogation say, “This complete ayah is abrogated by the next ayah i.e. 185. As per 2:185 – those who missed fast have to mandatorily fast later on and they don’t have option to give fidya.”

4. There is no abrogation as claimed by scholars. Ayah 184 and Ayah 185 beautifully tell us that those who have missed fast can either fast later on OR they can feed to poor. This second option is given because Allah is giving you every facility; Allah does not want to put you into difficulty and Allah wants to make things easier for you.

5. Not a single word, ayah of Quran has been abrogated.
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Monday, April 16, 2018

Do you still deny need of hell?

Do you still deny need of hell?
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India, 2018 first half ..... shameful events .... anger.. protest .. candle march .. emotions high.. demand for strict punishment for perverts ...poor girls have been violated..

In the wake of Asifa's heart-wrenching rape and murder, everyone is angry & aghast. Everyone is demanding strictest punishment for the culprits except a few depraved people.

It is unimaginable how dangerous human beings can become to their own kind. An innocent little girl was meted out with torture and atrocities beyond wildest thoughts. Will the perpetrators of this heinous crime get punished? Will they ever be subjected to a punishment as severe as the torment they inflicted upon their helpless victim? 

Let's face it, corruption and bias routinely fail the justice system set up by human beings. There is a high chance that the culprits will not get any punishment as happens in majority of the such cases in our country. Besides, even if they do, it can never be equal to the suffering they caused to their victim.

In this highly charged emotional environment people want strictest punishment for culprits. As time will pass, protest, emotion and anger will subside, but fact / truth will remain as it is. 

Truth does not require our emotions.
If we take a pause and reflect, two things become evident:

1.Poor soul was not violated because of any sin committed by her in a "previous" life. The popular belief of 'awagaman' says that you suffer in this world because of sins done in "previous life". Has anyone guts to say it loud that the girl was treated inhumanly because of her own sins in previous birth? No, as there is only one worldly life.

2. Culprits deserve strictest punishment. What if the man made justice system fails to deliver justice? Will there be no retribution handed to them ever? Heart and mind say that it will be gross injustice on the part of humanity. If these criminals are not held accountable for their deeds then the concept of God's justice becomes meaningless.

Good news is that everyone will be held accountable for his / her deeds in the life hereafter. No matter how powerful you are, no matter how much you evade punishment here - you are going to be held accountable for your deeds in the life hereafter. Those who violated poor souls, they will be given utmost punishment in the hell. 

There is definitely a need of hell in the hereafter, otherwise this world will become hell.

Wednesday, March 21, 2018

Dowry free matrimonial

Dowry free matrimonial

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SN
Name
Profession
NativePlace
ResidingAt
Contact
Details of candidate and spouse preference
1
W-UK
Engg 
Aligarh
United Kingdom

Boy. 1982 born, Divorcee, marriage lasted 5 months. Looking for single or divorcee with no kids.
2
 A
Software Engg 
Bihar 
USA

Boy. 1981 born, single, looking for educated girl,
3
 Pk
MBBS, MS
Bihar 
Bangalore

Girl. 1988 born, 5'3'', slim, very fair, very religious, looking for deendaar Doctor.
4
BshSis 
MBBS
Bihar
Bihar

Girl.1987 born, deendaar, 5'1", looking for decent proposal
5
Glu
MBA, Manager in Govt Sector
Ranchi
Jamshedpur 

Boy, 1987 born, looking for decent proposal from bihar, jharkhand.
6
Wshm
M.tech, 
Bihar
SaudiaArab

Boy. 1989 born, 5'10" deendaar, looking for deendaar girl, height must be 5'3"+
7
ThSis
BDS, MDS, Lecturer
Gulbarga
Bangalore

Girl, 1986 born, 5'5", looking for decent proposal
8
 ThBro
BCA, working in MNC
Gulbarga
Bangalore

Boy. 1989 born, looking for decent proposal
9
 Lbn
C.S, LLb
Bihar
Bangalore

Girl, very fair, 1990 born, looking for decent proposal
10
Dhnb
B.Arch, M.Arch, Asst professor
Dhanbad
Gurgaon

Girl 1989 born, 5'8", deendaar, looking for decent proposal
11
WsmAkt sisB.comBihar Jamshedpur Girl. 1995 born,5'1", On Salafi methodology, looking for educated, deendaar person

Note: Please send details in above format to serviceforhumanity@gmail.com or my facebook messenger for uploading details to above list.

Every proposal above is known to me personally - so message me if you have matching alliance.